Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Sun Glare While Driving – August 2017

The following relate to the dangers of sun glare while driving, and traffic safety in general. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Three-car crash in Galena blamed on blinding sun | KWQC TV6

…”The accident happened shortly before 4:00 PM. The accident happened at US Hwy 20 West at Glen Hollow Road in rural Galena.

During the crash investigation, deputies learned a car traveling east on US Hwy 20 and was stopped waiting for oncoming traffic so she could turn onto Glen Hollow Road.

A second vehicle was stopped behind the first. A third vehicle driven by 85-year-old Richard Anderberg was traveling east on US Hwy 20 and he tells officers he was blinded by the sun and didn’t see the vehicles stopped. Anderberg hit the second stopped vehicle, pushing that vehicle into the first stopped car.”…


Driver 'blinded' by the sun before fatal collision | STV News

“Ho Cheng, 32, was convicted of causing the death of Patrick McCabe by careless driving following the crash on Scotland Street in Glasgow in March 2015.

Cheng, of Pollokshields, was ordered to perform 300 hours' unpaid work in the community.

Judge Johanna Johnston QC also banned him from driving for four years.

The High Court in Glasgow heard the Transit van hired by Mr McCabe had broken down and was being put on to a recovery vehicle when Cheng's BMW smashed into it.

Mr McCabe, who was standing in the roadway, died and the recovery vehicle driver, 51-year-old Martin Aird, was seriously injured.

The incident was captured on the dashcam of the car travelling behind Cheng.

It showed the sun was low in the sky and there was significant glare.”…

“He was originally on trial accused of causing death by dangerous driving but the jury unanimously cleared him of the more serious charge.”…


RT @the_DIA: Ever heard of the 'Dutch Reach'?  It could save lives! 

> Brilliant.

Video: https://t.co/FWdAkIo5A4 

RT @_ArriveAlive: Safe Driving at Sunset  https://t.co/35pCB5Uxl4  #ArriveAlive https://t.co/MrtvDraDcv

(The following is an excerpt from the link in the original tweet.  Well worth reading entire article! (Ed.))

“Why is driving at Sunrise and Sunset an Increased Risk to Safety?

  • At sunrise and before sunset the sun can shine directly into drivers’ eyes, leaving many motorists driving with a glare.
  • This leaves the driver’s view compromised making it much harder to see the road ahead and identify potential hazards.
  • At dusk / sunset your eyes must adapt to the changing level of brightness and it becomes more difficult to recognise threats to safety.
  • Although the sky mat still be light, the road will be darker with deep shadows and there is less contrast in colours (eg the colour of oncoming cars).
  • It will leave the driver closer to any hazard and leave a much reduced stopping distance.
  • Visibility is particularly poor at dusk and dawn because natural light is reduced and it isn’t dark enough for your headlights to be 100% effective.
  • Driving at these times is often associated with tiredness among drivers who have driven through the night or are returning from a hard day of work.
  • Exhaustion severely affects focus and reaction time, so it is advisable to keep driving to a minimum in these circumstances.
  • It is especially dangerous for the elderly drivers experiencing natural, age-related changes in vision.”…

“Safe Driving Techniques when driving at Sunrise and Sunset

Preparedness of the Driver

An informed road user is a safer road user. We would like drivers to be alert of risks, to be well prepared and able to make the necessary adjustments when required.

  • Think ahead of the planned drive, the potential threats on the road and be ready to adjust the way you drive.
  • Many drivers are able to self-regulate by limiting their driving in low light situations, such as at dusk, dawn or night.
  • Ensure alertness by avoiding driver tiredness, planning your rest stops and avoiding all driver distractions.
  • Be mindful of other drivers, and switch to your low beams if there’s oncoming traffic or if you’re following another vehicle.
  • Have good sunglasses available to you within easy reach.
  • Invest in polarized sunglasses – they can help reduce glare.
  • Avoid wearing tinted sunglasses at night, though they may be helpful during dusk and dawn when the sun is still out.
  • Utilize your sun visor – it can help to block out the sun.
  • Let your eyes adjust – The human eye naturally adjusts to the darkness, but it can take up to 30 minutes for your eyes to adapt to darkness fully and drivers should reduce speed during this transitional time.
  • Be conscious of vision changes. As we age, it is natural to experience vision changes that affect our visibility in low light situations, such as dusk and dawn.
  • A 50-year-old driver may need twice as much light to see comfortably over a 30-year old driver.
  • Limited light can affect depth perception, colour perception, contrast sensitivity and peripheral vision.
  • Get regular check-ups for conditions like macular degeneration, cataracts and glaucoma.”…

Driver in fatal Shipshewana crash blames glare from sun | The Goshen News

“An official accident report released Friday by the Shipshewana Police Department provided more details into the death of a woman who was fatally struck on her bicycle Thursday morning.

According to Shipshewana police, Joyce Keim, 75, Elkhart, was driving a 2010 Chrysler Town and Country van south on Ind. 5, approaching the intersection of C.R. 345 North around 7:48 a.m. Thursday.

As Keim's vehicle approached the intersection, it struck the rear of Mahala K. Yoder's bicycle, police documented. Yoder, 34, Shipshewana, was stopped on her bicycle on Ind. 5 in the southbound lane waiting to make a left turn onto C.R. 345 North at the time of the collision, police said.

The collision caused Yoder to be pushed into the northbound lane, where she collided with the side of a passing Westview school bus, according to the police report. Keim told officers the glare from the sun in her left eye caused her to not see Yoder.”…


Cheers, Ralph

Sun/Shade & Urban Development – August 2017

The following relate to urban development and urban design in general, and to specific projects with sun/shade issues in particular. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Take our Survey: How Important To You Is Sunshine?... https://t.co/M7OXNehQGf

Tower Wins In Brief Beacon Hill Battle Over Shadow Law | Bostonomix

A man walks by the now-closed Winthrop Square Garage in Boston, the site of a proposed $1 billion, 775-foot skyscraper.  (AP Photo/Elise Amendola)

Photo: AP /Elise Amendola

“Legislation that may literally lead to a new shadow being cast over the State House while also facilitating construction of a valuable high-rise building in Winthrop Square has been signed into law by Gov. Charlie Baker.”…

“Secretary of State William Galvin, chairman of the Massachusetts Historical Commission, raised concerns about the bill throughout its brief journey through the branches and had urged Baker to veto it. Galvin said the bill would exempt the tower at the Winthrop Square Garage area from the city's shadow law.

A shadow from the Millennium Partners tower would fall on the State House for 120 days during fall and winter, "making the short days even darker for the occupants of the State House," wrote Galvin. The new shadow will darken the capitol in January, February, October and November, creating "permanent moist conditions" on State House walls and other Beacon Hill buildings and necessitating repairs to interior plaster and exterior mortar, Galvin wrote.”…


Boston shadows legal change doesn't mean Winthrop Square tower a done deal | Curbed Boston

Rendering via Handel Architects

“Gov. Charlie Baker on Friday signed legislation relaxing laws dating from the early 1990s that prohibit developments in downtown Boston from casting shadows over certain areas, including the Boston Common and the Public Garden, at certain times.

Baker’s move would appear to clear the way for the construction of a 775-foot tower on the site of the Winthrop Square Garage, the proposal for which spurred the very need for the change in the shadow laws.”…

“…but other hurdles remain.

For one, both the Boston Planning & Development Agency and state environmental officials are still reviewing the tower. What’s more, parks advocates have vowed to continue to campaign for protections from the tower’s effects, per the Globe’s Tim Logan.

And the Winthrop Square Garage proposal still has to get an all-clear from the Federal Aviation Administration because of the effects it might have on flight patterns in and out of Logan Airport.”…


Gov Baker Signs Bill for New Shadow Law |  Beacon Hill Times

“Gov. Charlie Baker signed a home-rule petition into law Friday that would allow Millennium Partners to build a 775-foot luxury, condo tower on the site of the shuttered, city-owned Winthrop Square Garage, thereby bypassing two existing state “shadow” laws protecting the Boston Common and Public Garden.

While the new building would cast new shadows on the parks on many early mornings, Mayor Martin J. Walsh introduced the bill in April for a “one-time” exemption to the state laws, citing the reported $153 million windfall that sale of the property would bring the city. The City Council approved the bill by a vote of 10-3.”…

“Meanwhile, the project, which is set to break ground next year, must still earn the approval of the Federal Aviation Administration before it can reach its proposed height.”…


RT @Sean_YYZ: Detroit's new streetcar. Runs without wires along much of its route.

> Nice clean look.

Photo: in tweet by Sean Marshall @Sean_YYZ


‘Unique’ 40-storey building proposed on Rebecca Street | Hamilton Spectator


Photo: DPAI Architecture

“A new 40-storey tower with a "unique" design is being proposed for Rebecca Street.”…

“Part of what makes the design of this site unique is the city's plan to build a park in front of it, said architect David Premi of DPAI Architecture, who is working on the project alongside colleague Petra Matar.”…

“A summary from the July 13 design review committee at which the proposal was discussed calls the building "bold and interesting" but notes it will set a precedent for the area.

It calls the 40-storey height "excessive" and describes the tower as "too 'chunky'."

"In general, the massing and scale of the building needs to be refined," it says.

From Premi's perspective, height should be evaluated based on the impact it has on the surrounding area and the shadows it creates.

For this project, he said they have conducted extensive shadow impact studies and they exceed the criteria set out by other municipalities. He said Hamilton doesn't have firm standards in place.”…


Galvin says New Shadow Law Removes Layer of Protection for Historic Parks | Beacon Hill Times  

Gov. Charlie Baker recently signed a home-rule petition into law that would allow Millennium Partners to move forward with building a 775-foot tower on the site of the city-owned Winthrop Square Garage, bypassing two existing state laws that protect the Boston Common and Public Garden from new shadows.

Mayor Martin Walsh introduced this bill last April for a “one-time” exemption to the state shadow laws, citing the reported $153 million sale of the property would bring to the city. The Boston City Council approved sending the bill to the State House in a 10 – 3 vote.

“The bill passed removed a layer of protection for historic sites but it doesn’t mean the project is exempt from other processes,” said Secretary of the Commonwealth William Galvin. “Millennium wouldn’t be able to build this building without that exemption but it’s still fuzzy on how it’s going to go moving forward.”

Galvin said that although this project skirts around the 25-year-old state shadow laws that have shielded the downtown historic parks from excessive building shadows, there is still more to be done.

The project, which is set to break ground next year, is still under going the Article 80 process with the City, has yet to complete the Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act (MEPA) report, and still needs to gain the approval of the Federal Aviation Administration before it can reach its proposed height.

In addition Galvin said there hasn’t been a wind study or a complete shadow study that goes beyond the downtown parks into the surrounding historic neighborhoods.

“The process is going to go on,” said Galvin. “A layer of protection has been removed, but the building is not exempt from the process.””…


RT @createstreets: Many of most popular terraced streets in London would not be permitted today if BRE daylight, sunlight guidance applied

> Interesting indeed. Luckily they are already built :)

> RT @PlanGinerd: Isn't particularly surprising. Most of the old inner cities could never be built now (even in TO)

Photo: in tweet by @createstreets https://twitter.com/createstreets

Proud to be involved >

101 Erskine Tops Off as Work Progresses on Townhomes | via @urban_toronto

101 Erskine Condos, Tridel, Beaux Properties, CS&P Architects, Toronto

Photo: by Jack Landau

Tridel and Beaux Properties' 101 Erskine Condos has reached a major milestone, as it has recently reached full height at 32 storeys. Completion of the mechanical penthouse and the final several levels have taken place since our last update earlier this year. Cladding and glazing has also been completed on several storeys in the past few months, with the project aiming for a completion next Spring. In the weeks since our last update, the CS&P Architects-designed tower has also begun balcony glazing installation as it nears the halfway point.

As the project has reached full height, its stepped-back form is now fully visible, and as cladding progresses, the contrast in black and white cladding and window tinting will emphasize the step back for the upper storeys.”… 


Residents concerned about tall towers proposed in Oliver | Global News 

Photo: By Julia Wong Digital Broadcast Journalist  Global News


“Oliver residents are expressing concern after a public information session on Saturday gave them a glimpse at plans for two high-rises being proposed in their neighbourhood.

The proposed development by Greenlong Construction would see a 48-storey tower built along Jasper Avenue and 115 Street with a 37-storey tower to the north.”…

“Stantec will review and re-evaluate the height of the buildings and assess sun and shadow impacts.

“A lot of what I’m hearing… is concerns around parking, traffic, visitor parking. We need to look at how that’s going to work. Height has been an issue that’s been expressed, so we have to look at how height relates to the street and to the neighbourhood and to the shadow impacts. We definitely have to do that type of technical analysis as well.””…


Here is every single GTA condo development set to launch fall 2017 | via @buzzbuzzhome

“Developers in the Greater Toronto Area are gearing up for a busy fall season of condo launches.

How busy? Well, 28 condo projects are expected to launch before the year’s end…”…


peter pichler's looping towers will act as a residential hub with public facilities | @designboom

Photo: https://www.designboom.com/wp-content/dbsub/396000/2017-08-22/img_3_1503409411_7337761228a799fa4d7754dcbde526ec.jpg

“peter pichler’s design for the new residential tower complex consists of approximately 260 apartments, parking garages, public facilities, gym and a running track on the roof. it is located in maarssen; on a main axis between amsterdam and utrecht, and should act as a social ‘engine’ in the area, which will undergo some major developments within the next years.

milan based peter pichler architecture‘s proposal for two looping towers is the result of an optimized geometry founded on views and sunlight. the starting point were the massing studies of straight extrusions that are moved towards the end of the plot to guarantee the view towards the river and the old city center of maarssen from the offices set behind. the special situation of the site and the unsophisticated orientation of the apartments within a straight extruded tower with a central core led to a slim L-shaped geometry that guarantees multiple views and sunlight.

while sloping back the L-shaped towers with the lower tower on the west side, better views are generated for adjacent buildings with a minimum shadow impact. the naturally formed terraces generate multiple views towards the old city and achieve a maximum sunlight during the day.”…


Cheers, Ralph

Miscellaneous “Sun & Shadow” Items – August 2017

The following are miscellaneous sun, shade, solar and solar energy facts and comments. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Our monthly sunrise/sunset tables have been updated.

A few of the samples include:

Torontohenge August 2017 - Best Photo Ops | sunposition-ralphb.blogspot.ca
> No special glasses required. 
Torontohenge update posted in my timeline for you @shawnmicallef @glynbowerman
RT @glynbowerman: Photographers of Toronto. Get those pics.

Photo: By Sevtibidou (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

“In August, the best photo ops will occur before the 23rd.  For example, on the 22nd the sun will break loose from the horizon at about 6:33 AM and sit fully above the street. 

Similarly, the rising sun will cross the street and be fully perched above it at about 6:35 AM on the 21st, 6:37 AM on the 20th, 6:38 AM on the 19th, etc.

On August 16th, a full week before Torontohenge, the sun will cross the street at about 6:43 AM at a height of about 2.5 degrees above the horizon (i.e. about the width of your thumb at arm’s length).”…

“In a nutshell, there will be many opportunities for great photos between now and the official Torontohenge date of August 23rd.”

https://t.co/yqd1Edi8nL https://t.co/5Mqs8TP2sT
> No special glasses required. 
> Torontohenge update posted in my timeline for you @shawnmicallef @glynbowerman
> RT @glynbowerman: Photographers of Toronto. Get those pics.

How Canada will see the Aug. 21 eclipse | CBC Newshttps://t.co/q6yKDPI8Mp

Cheers, Ralph