Sunday, December 20, 2015

Sun Glare While Driving – November 2015

The following relate to the dangers of sun glare while driving, and traffic safety in general. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Read our weekly news summary “Sun Glare and Driving” at:

RT YoungDriversofCanada @YoungDrivers The Fall Back time change can cause traffic collisions. Read more at
Young Drivers of Canada Fall Back Time Change
A study conducted by the Insurance Bureau of British Columbia (ICBC) revealed that the two weeks following the end of daylight savings time resulted in a 16 per cent increase in the average number of vehicle collisions in the late afternoon commute of motorists...
> @YoungDrivers Plus, sun conditions will be quite different after the time change. Anticipate and adjust.

RT Shane O'Connor @oconnorshane Bowie Patch: Schools Ban Bus Drivers From Texting While On Road
> @oconnorshane  seriously? It's sad when the only way to stop texting is by banning it.
Schools Ban Bus Drivers From Texting While On Road
Prince George's County Public Schools bus drivers now face the loss of their jobs if they use cell phones while driving.
Prince George’s County school officials have changed policy to make texting while driving a school bus an infraction that could result in a driver’s firing.
The change was made this week after NBCWashington recently shared video of a county school bus reportedly texting while driving students…

Reminder to drivers - due to the time change , sun conditions will be completely different this week from what you're used to.

RT PennDOT ?@PennDOTNews Keep your visors clear of clutter!  Sun glare can blind you in an instant.  See for more fall safe driving tips. > Safe driving tips for Fall from @PennDOTNews      
Fall Driving Tips
PennDOT reminds motorists that wet leaves, fog, sun glare and frost are a few driving hazards that they will encounter this fall but there are steps drivers can take to help make their commutes safer…
Sun glare can be most problematic during sunrise and sunset which coincide with morning and evening rush hours. The intense glare from the sun on the horizon can blind a driver, causing an unexpected traffic slowdown…

RT Scott Marshall @SafeDriver  Driving into the sunset (or sunrise) isn't always romantic. Here's a few tips to help drivers with the glare;
Driving toward the bright sun isn’t always relaxing and driving into the sunset isn’t always romantic. Sometimes it can be blinding. Even though that’s the case there are a few things we can do to help make driving safer in those conditions.
The most common thing drivers do when they’re faced with bright sunshine are sunglasses. Wearing a pair of sunglasses will help to block the glare, not just the brightness. They help you focus on the things you need to while driving, including the traffic lights, pedestrians, road signs and other road users….
Other than sunglasses, don’t forget about the sun visor to help block the sun...
Sometimes the sun can be high enough to not really bother us, but the added glare from the sun can make it difficult for us to see properly while driving. To help reduce this glare, ensure you clean the inside of your windshield regularly. Using a glass cleaner will help get rid of the grime that seems to gradually build up over a period of time. If you allow smoking in your vehicle, cleaning the inside of each window every few weeks will make a huge difference.
Here’s the second worst case scenario. You’re heading toward the sun with sunglasses on, the sun visor lowered and the inside of the windshield clean, but the sun is below the visor and it prohibits your view, what can you do? If you always keep a hat with a brim, such like a baseball hat it can help to shield the sun while you drive…
Regardless of all the things you’ve done to help keep your visibility while driving toward the bright sun, it’s getting tougher to see clearly from that glare, what do you do? Pull over to a safe place and wait for approximately 15 to 20 minutes until the sun has gone behind the buildings or trees. Once that happens, you know you’re good to go again…
Thank you to Scott Marshall for the great tips.

Time change hazards for driving -
Every year when the time changes occur, in the spring and fall, the risk of commercial motor vehicles being involved in a crash increases. The change in sunlight hours can be disruptive to a driver’s routine and increase the likelihood of a crash, such as a rear-ending or lane change crash.
Two hazards associated with the time change season are sun glare and reduced visibility. During these periods, the angle of the sun changes which can create sun glare that is problematic to all drivers. According to the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration, sun glare contributed to 16.4% of crashes…

Sun glare partially responsible >
Car accidents on Grand Island Bridge cause severe delays - via @WGRZ
Some people’s already busy morning rush was delayed even further after several car accidents on the I-190 Monday morning.
State Police say there were at least six car accidents on the Southbound South Grand Island Bridge. The accidents caused both lanes to be closed and severe backups.
Three of the accidents involved multiple cars. They took place about a quarter of a mile from the base of the bridge.
Police say the sun glare was partially responsible…

RT @NHTSAgov cautions clock adjustment may catch drivers by surprise - sun glare or darkness at different parts of familiar drive.

RT @LititzDaily  Was End of Daylight Saving Time a Factor in Lititz Pedestrian Fatality? 
The accident came one day after the end of Daylight Saving Time, during what is reportedly the most dangerous week of the year for pedestrians.  Just two days prior, there was still waning daylight at 5:45 p.m along Woodcrest Avenue.
But after the abrupt end to Daylight Saving Time early Sunday morning, the sky would be dark along the popular street for joggers, bike riders, and pedestrians when Grover and her canine companion crossed the road Monday night.
Could the sudden end to Daylight Saving Time have been a factor in the accident? Tonight, the sun will set at 5 p.m. in Lititz, as family and friends of Karen Grover grieve her passing…
The NHTSA also cautions that the clock adjustment could catch some drivers by surprise – with sun glare or darkness occurring during different parts of their familiar driving routine.
According to a 1995 study, a change from daylight to twilight was associated with about a 300% increase in fatal pedestrian crashes. Based on their findings, the authors of the study predicted that retaining Daylight Savings Time year-round would save an average of 180 pedestrian lives each year…

According to 1995 study, a change from daylight to twilight was associated with about 300% increase in fatal pedestrian crashes.

Sun glare being investigated >
One woman killed, another injured in South End crash - Boston News |  
RT antoinette antonio @antoinetteA Driver says sun blinded her just before she hit two women, one died.
Sun glare may be to blame in fatal crash | WCVB Home via @WCVB
BOSTON - Two older female pedestrians were hit in the South End Wednesday afternoon, and one of them has died.
Police said the two were hit at Tremont Street and West Brookline Avenue...
Now investigators are trying to figure out if it was sun glare that caused the crash. No charges have been filed against the driver...

Sun glare + frost on windshield >
High-collision location - Williams Lake Tribune via @BlackPressMedia
   - Angie Mindus photo

RT Today's Country 95-5 ?@country95 Driver involved in Whoop-Up collision in critical condition. Sun glare may be contributing factor in crash...
Emergency crews respond to a two-vehicle collision at the intersection of Western Avenue and Johnson Street Tuesday morning. Williams Lake RCMP Staff Sgt. Del Byron said the motor vehicle incident occurred at approximately 8:15 a.m. when a southbound driver on Western Avenue ran through the stop sign obscured by frost on the windshield and the morning sun’s glare and T-boned another vehicle...

NASCAR drivers planning for sun glare @PhoenixRaceway need to know this -
Jimmie Johnson:  “The late stages at PIR are tough with the sun in your eyes.”
PIR sun angles

Environmental conditions, including sun glare, are believed to have contributed to crash in Lethbridge -
On Nov. 13, 2015 just after 3:30 p.m. police and paramedics responded to a report of a collision in the westbound lanes of Whoop Up Drive near the University Drive exit. Investigation determined a Pontiac Montana collided with the back of a wheeled loader that was in the process of removing snow from the roadway. The 72-year-old male driver of the mini-van sustained life-threatening injuries and after being extricated from his vehicle he was transported to Chinook Regional Hospital. He is currently in critical condition and not expected to survive. The driver of the loader was not injured.
Speed and alcohol are not considered factors in this collision, however environmental conditions, including sun glare, are believed to have contributed to the crash...

Deer season. Sun glare can make it very difficult to see deer that are about to cross the road >
Morris County Motorists Should be on the Alert During Deer Rutting Season -
Morris County Motorists Should be on the Alert During Deer Rutting Season, photo 1
State wildlife officials are reminding motorists from across Morris County, from Lincoln Park and East Hanover to Jefferson and Long Valley, to be alert for white-tailed deer crossing their roads with the arrival of the fall breeding season, a time of year when deer may unexpectedly dart onto roads and cause accidents.
Motorists are urged to be especially attentive during morning and evening commutes when visibility may be poor, according to experts from the state Department of Environmental Protection’s Division of Fish and Wildlife...
During rutting season, deer are most active in the very early morning hours and around sunset, when visibility conditions can be very difficult. This is when bucks are most actively pursuing does thus aligning commuting times with periods when deer are most active.
Low levels of light and sun glare can make it very difficult to see deer that are about to cross the road. Moreover, multiple deer may cross the road at any given moment, usually in a single file…

Plan to remove crosswalk with sun glare problems >
LAH City Council addresses traffic safety concerns
Days are potentially numbered for a contentious crosswalk used by some Gardner Bullis School students to cross Fremont Road.
During their monthly meeting Thursday, Los Altos Hills City Councilmembers voted unanimously to instigate a 30-day public notice period announcing their intention to remove the crosswalk, located on the east side of Fremont Pines Lane in front of the school. The crosswalk is the site of at least one vehicle-versus- pedestrian accident and several near misses.
Sun glare obscuring eastbound motorists’ visibility is a likely cause of the traffic incidents, according to a city staff report. Last year, an accident involving a student cyclist struck by a car prompted city officials to relocate the crosswalk from the west side of Fremont Pines Lane to the east side and to install a flashing crosswalk sign, but accidents persist. Councilmembers Thursday indicated that removing the crosswalk would force pedestrians to cross Fremont at nearby intersections marked by stop signs...

Cheers, Ralph

Sun/Shade & Urban Development – November 2015

The following relate to urban development and urban design in general, and to specific projects with sun/shade issues in particular. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition
Check out our weekly news summary “Sun, Shadow & Urban Development” at

What are your thoughts about shadowing from proposed buildings?
Take our survey -

Which cities are in housing bubble territory? New index tracks international markets via @buzzbuzzhome
Given all the talk of housing bubbles in some of the world’s hottest real estate markets, it was only a matter of time before economists developed an index geared toward tracking them.
With UBS CIO Wealth Management’s first Global Real Estate Bubble Index, released yesterday, the global financial services firm has looked for signs of housing bubbles in 15 major financial centres…

Houston residents sue over planned assisted living development, claim shadow could threaten pool >
When people own property, they often want to do everything they can to protect its value. In some cases, the value of the property is effected by the area surrounding the property. A park, lake or public amenity, for example, might increase the value of a person's property. Whereas, a highway or high crime venue might lower the value. When something threatens the value of a person's property, legal action might be required.
In a recent case, residents of an affluent high rise in downtown Houston have filed a suit against a developer. In this real estate litigation case, the owners of luxury condos located on South Shepherd have filed suit against the developer of an potential senior living center. The residents are located in two buildings -- the Renoir Lofts and the Gotham Lofts. The planned development would be placed in between the two high-end buildings.
In the suit, residents are claiming that the senior living center threatens the value of their property…

How tolerant are homeowners of shadowing from proposed development?
Take our survey -

Central Park Shadow Talk Is 'Overblown,' REBNY Report Says via @CurbedNY
The Real Estate Board of New York has released a report based on a round-table discussion on the impacts of the city's latest group of sky-grazing towers. It should come as no surprise that the five panelists tapped to lead the discussion by the pro-development group ultimately found that accusations against the city's slew of new supertall development, especially concerning the buildings on Central Park South and the shadows they'll cast, "[ignore] the history of development and zoning in New York, [overlook] the zoning rules that applied to the building of towers, [dismiss] the economic benefits from these projects, and [are] in many instances misleading." To unravel these accusations, REBNY compiled the content of the discussion into a report arranged in the question and answer format… 

RT SoPlace ?@SoPlacers How Placemaking Is Becoming Indispensible For Developers.
As Australia’s population continues to surge upwards and higher density living becomes the norm, many architects and urban planners are focussing on ways to ensure that urban areas feel like real communities instead of concrete jungles.
This movement, which is known as “placemaking” is a multi-faceted approach to the planning, design and management of public spaces which aims to create public spaces that promote people’s health, happiness, and well-being…

RT Puissant Dope ?@PuissantDope 72 Carlton - Core Architects. The curved surfaces of the tower is awe-inspiring -

Proud to be part of this team.

Shadow impacts reduced >
Equity Residential Hoping Project Changes Will Secure BRA Approval -
BOSTON—Equity Residential reports that it has received neighborhood support from more than 1,100 West End residents on the latest revisions to its proposed $350-million tower project at the Garden Garage project site here…

Supes Vote Unanimously To Let 75 Howard High-Rise Move Forward via @HoodlineSF
75howard2  1
Barring any further legal battles, the proposed luxury condo and mixed-use high-rise at 75 Howard St. will move ahead, after a unanimous decision by the Board of Supervisors in the early morning hours of Wednesday. The board voted to reject an appeal to an environmental impact review (EIR) of the project, which was brought by many of the same opponents who fought the proposed 8 Washington condos and have been involved in other waterfront development debates…
One of opponents' biggest objections to 75 Howard is that it will cast shadows on Rincon Park. They've asked for step-downs toward the waterfront to minimize the shadows, which they say will violate the Sunlight Ordinance. (The appellant letter from Rincon Point Neighbors Association suggests a "100-foot alternative.") However, no changes have been made to the design; Clemens said in an email that any further changes will be worked out collaboratively with the Planning Department.
Danny Yadegar, legislative aide to District 6 Supervisor Jane Kim, pointed out that any building higher than 100 feet tall will cast a shadow (the current garage is 91 feet). Also, he said the developer told Kim that the building's design includes a 20-foot parapet of glass, which isn't "as impactful" as if it were a solid mass…

Ryerson Names Health Sciences Complex for Daphne Cockwell via @urban_toronto
Ryerson University, Daphne Cockwell Health Sciences Complex, Perkins + Will
In recognition of an $8 million donation from Brookfield Asset Management's Group Chairman, Jack Cockwell, and his family, Ryerson University has announced that its coming Church Street development will be named in honour of Mr. Cockwell's mother, Daphne, for her lifelong commitment to helping others. Designed by architects Perkins + Will, the Daphne Cockwell Health Sciences Complex will rise 27 storeys on Church Street just north of Dundas, replacing a surface parking lot with 18,600 square metres of new space. The building will be the new home of Ryerson’s School of Nutrition, School of Occupational and Public Health, the Midwifery Education program, the Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, and others...
Proud to be part of this team.

San Francisco Planning Department Proposes Increasing Heights in Neighborhoods via @planetizen

The San Francisco Planning Department is proposing a trade-off to neighborhoods to comply with a state density bonus law: Modestly increase height and density limits in exchange for more affordable housing…

Tower's profile reduces shadows >
The Clover on Yonge by Cresford Development -
The Clover on Yonge is a new mixed-use high-rise condominium development currently in pre-construction at 587 to 599 Yonge Street, 2 and 4 Dundonald Street and 7 and 9 Gloucester Street in Toronto, Ontario by Cresford Development Corporation.  It consists of a proposed 44 storey residential building with 420 dwelling units on top of a four-storey podium with retail commercial use space.
The Clover on Yonge Condos is located on the east side of Yonge Street and will occupy the entire block between Dundonald Street and Gloucester Street and will be approximately 148 metres (including mechanical penthouse) tall on top of a 4-storey base containing retail commercial uses.  "The site currently contains six buildings ranging in heights from one to three storeys and a mix of uses including residential, retail, and office.  Some of the buildings were built in the late 1800s and early 1900s, while two of the buildings were built in the 1970s.  None of the buildings are designated or listed on the City of Toronto's Heritage Inventory."
The original proposal was for a 49 storey (163 metres) condo with 514 units but the revised proposal now consists of a proposed 44 storey tower on the south end of the site stepping down to 18 storeys (61.4 metres) at the north end of the site.  The revised architectural drawing revisions improves the original proposal by having the tower design within the 75 degree angular plane, stepping the tower down to the north and reshaping and slimming the tower's profile to reduce the shadow impact on the low-rise buildings located within the neighbourhood to the east as much as possible… 
Proud to be part of this team.

Great-looking project >
DiamondCorp, Metropia to Intensify Underutilized Midtown Site | Urban Toronto
250 Davenport Road, Diamond Corp, Metropia, TACT, Toronto
Developers Diamond Corp and Metropia will add a TACT Architecture-designed 28-storey, 94.25-metre tower with 315 residential units plus six integrated towns at the base, and 39 back-to-back townhomes on the west side of the site. 11 existing affordable housing townhouse units fronting onto Pears Avenue will be torn down to make way for a new three-storey residential building. The existing towns, which sit above the site's below-grade parking garage, will be fully replaced by new-built homes for TCHC residents in a new townhouse block on the east side of the existing building…
An initial concept was met with some resistance from residents of the existing apartment tower and representatives of the Annex Residents Association. A number of concerns were raised during pre-application community consultation meetings over the past year, including issues related to the loss of green space, tower separation, new building height, parking availability, improvements to the existing apartment building, relocation of existing townhouse units, wind conditions, shadow impact and views…
The developers have addressed the concerns in a revised proposal that shifts the new tower to the western end of the site, and modifies the existing parking garage to allow greening of the existing surface parking lot. Local residents will be given the opportunity to learn more about the proposal at a follow-up community consultation being planned for the first quarter of 2016. A Final Report by Toronto's Planning Department is expected to follow in the third quarter of 2016…
Proud to be part of this team.

RT Construction Dive @constructdive Dubbed The Bride of the Gulf, this 3,780-ft skyscraper would dethrone the titleholder of world's tallest building:
World's tallest building and 'first vertical city' planned for Iraq | Construction Dive
The AMBS Architects group has proposed a 3,780-foot-tall skyscraper, dubbed "The Bride of the Gulf," for Basra Province, Iraq, according to Dezeen magazine. The building, at 230 stories topped with a 617-foot antenna, would be the tallest in the world. The world’s tallest building currently is Dubai’s 2,723-foot Burj Khalifa skyscraper.
The planned building in Iraq includes four conjoined towers with a glazed canopy on its south facade, a "veil" designed to provide shade to the complex’s low-rise buildings and public areas. The complex’s three other towers are 2,375-feet-tall, 1,588-feet-tall and 200-feet-tall…

Plans proposed for six-story building at Third and Walnut site in Lansdale - Montgomery News

Plans are taking shape for a six-story apartment building to be built on the site of the former Third and Walnut Street bar in Lansdale, and the developer behind it is hoping to make a statement…

Brilliant >
The London Borough of Camden goes live with Smart Parking tech | Smart Parking:
The London Borough of Camden goes live with Smart Parking technology
The London Borough of Camden goes live with Smart Parking technology transforming the parking experience in key on-street locations across the borough.
With over 500,000 vehicles traveling through the central London Borough of Camden on a daily basis the demand for the use of limited space - for moving traffic, for servicing and for parking - considerably exceeds capacity and finding a parking space is not always easy.
The stress this puts on the local area in terms of congestion requires Camden Council to take stock of parking conditions in the borough and respond to them proactively, balancing the needs of residents and businesses, and those of the many people who work, study and visit Camden.
With this in mind, this week will see Camden Council take an innovative approach to these issues by deploying Smart Parking’s SmartPark solution. The solution involves the installation of 367 RFID-equipped SmartEye vehicle detection sensors, linked via SmartLink data transmitters in and around Central Camden and Camden Town…

Cheers, Ralph

Miscellaneous “Sun & Shadow” Items – November 2015

The following are miscellaneous sun, shade, solar and solar energy facts and comments. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition
Our monthly sunrise/sunset tables have been updated

‘Standard' Time applies to only 1/3 of the year??
RT Angeline Eriksson @angelinedesign  I don't know @SunPosition @shawnmicallef still looking pretty henge-y out there
> RB: @angelinedesign @shawnmicallef I'm just happy the sun didn't disappear altogether after Oct 26th. ;)
Embedded image permalink
source -

RT antoinette antonio @antoinetteA Driver says sun blinded her just before she hit two women, one died. Story in NewsToGo 

source -

ICYWW, my twitter header photo is of the sundial I designed for the Air India Flight 182 memorial in Humber Bay Park East in Toronto

RT The Weather Network @weathernetwork Winter blues already? Study finds light therapy may treat all depression, not just SAD.

Light therapy has long been used to treat the 'winter blues' or seasonal depression, but now a new study suggests the treatment could be used to ease symptoms of other forms of depression.
read more -

RT Mark Tarello @mark_tarello  WOW! Amazing sunset reflection tonight on the New York City Skyline. Photo: Inga Sarda-Sorensen.

source -

Sunset thru 'steam' rising from bay in Barrie ON in -22C weather -
photo by Ralph Bouwmeester
Embedded image permalink
source -

Cheers, Ralph

Wednesday, November 11, 2015

Sun Glare While Driving – October 2015

The following relate to the dangers of sun glare while driving, and traffic safety in general. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Read our weekly news summary “Sun Glare and Driving” at:

Hung out my shingle 20 years ago today Oct 2nd. Seems like only yesterday. Thank you to all my Clients for their support over the years.

Great fall driving tips

With fall in full swing, drivers can face a series of new challenges.

Of course the most common is an increase in deer activity. Last year more than 18,000 deer were in hit in Wisconsin and the numbers trend upwards in autumn. Lincoln County Sheriff Jeff Jaeger is urging motorists to use extra caution, especially at dawn and dusk, prime time for deer to be moving…

In addition to deer, harvest season is also underway, meaning farmers and motorists are sharing the road in many areas...

Finally the sun’s glare can be blinding at day break and sunset. IN addition to slowing down the DOT reminds drivers to use their visor, try polarized sun glasses and keep your windshield as clean as possible.


September was a bad month for sun glare while driving

more -

Sun glare being investigated >

Groundskeeper killed in crash died of multiple traumatic injuries

Sun glare may be factor in West Chester Twp. crash that killed man photo

WEST CHESTER TWP. — A 68-year-old man killed in a Tuesday morning crash died of multiple traumatic injuries, according to a Butler County Coroner’s Office autopsy performed today.

The death has been ruled accidental, according to the coroner’s office.

Terry Frey, of West Chester Twp., was pronounced dead at the Beckett Ridge Boulevard crash scene at about 8:30 a.m. Frey was traveling east on Beckett Ridge near Sawgrass Drive when his utility vehicle was hit from behind by a Honda Odyssey driven by Ashley Money, 29, of West Chester Twp., according to Officer Michelle Berling…

West Chester police are investigating the crash, but speed, alcohol and cell phone use are not believed to be factors, Berling said.

Investigators are working to determine if sun glare was a factor.

more -

Driver blames blinding sun after hitting Marshall Co. woman -  Montgomery Alabama news.

BOAZ, AL (WAFF) - A Marshall County woman was sent to the hospital after she was hit by a car while crossing a street in the city of Boaz.

Boaz police say the incident happened around 6 p.m. Wednesday on Highway 168 near Weathers Hardware…

Police say the driver claims to have been blinded by the setting sun.

more -

Terrible time of year for sun glare >

A look at the passenger van v septic truck crash in Bristol. Officials say sun glare likely a factor…

source -

Truck driver pleads not guilty in deadly bicycle collision | via @cantonrepdotcom

GARFIELD HEIGHTS - A northeast Ohio man has pleaded not guilty to vehicular homicide charges for an accident in his pickup truck that killed two bicyclists and injured three others…

Police say two cyclists, including 33-year-old Matt Billings of Plain Township, were killed when Wolf struck them while making a left turn in the Cleveland suburb of Brecksville on Sept. 17…

Wolf told investigators that sun glare prevented him from seeing the cyclists…

more -

AAA Mid-Atlantic and the National Weather Service offer tips on driving with the sun in your eyes

Sun Glare Can Be Deadly for Drivers

Sunshine over Wall

Sun glare can be a major hazard and a threat to safety this time of year.

Whether it’s the rising or the setting sun, it can be blinding for motorists who are trying to see the road, other vehicles, cyclists, pedestrians and traffic signals.

“Unfortunately, most drivers don’t anticipate the dangers of sun glare until they are overtaken by it, and then that can be too late to react safely,” said Tracy Noble, spokesperson for AAA Mid-Atlantic.  “Drivers are far more attentive to road conditions like snow, rain, sleet or high winds.  They tend not to give glare the degree of risk needed…

In the fall, the rising sun aligns itself perfectly with many east-west roadways according to the National Weather Service.  It is during the first 15 to 45 minutes of sunrise that sun-glare is most hazardous.  Motorists traveling westbound can also experience sun-glare as the sun drops lower toward the horizon.

To avoid sun-related crashes, AAA Mid-Atlantic advises motorists to drive as they would in low-visibility conditions like rain or fog.  Most glare-related incidents occur when the sun is coming up or going down.

A study conducted by the National Center for Statistics and Analysis at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration found that older drivers are more likely to get involved in crashes if glare obstructs their vision.  In fact, 38.5 percent of drivers involved in crashes related to glare exposure were 45 years of age or older.

The avoid sun-related crashes, AAA Mid-Atlantic and the National Weather Service offer drivers the following tips:

  • Wear sunglasses with polarized lenses, or wear eyeglasses with an anti-reflective    coating.  Scratched eyeglasses or contact lenses make the glare worse.
  • Heed the speed limit, particularly if you are driving into the sunrise on your way into work or the sunset on your way home.
  • Slow down. The more space you have, the more time you have to react.
  • Increase your following distance beyond the recommended safe distances to allow three or more seconds between vehicles.
  • Turn headlights on so oncoming motorists can see you as they are driving toward the sun.
  • Clean your windshield outside and inside. A cracked or dirty windshield can magnify glare.
  • Use your visor as much as possible, but remember that visors can also block your vision.
  • Consider alternate routes to minimize east/west driving whenever possible. Use north/south streets until you find an east/west road with lots of trees or taller buildings.

It’s also suggested that you keep every surface between your eyes and the road as clear as possible, including both sides of your windshield and your eyeglasses.

more -

Time of year for sun glare + fogged up windshield  > 

Driver blames crash on car controls, sun glare


A man who recently bought a new car said he was unfamiliar with its controls and couldn't see out the foggy windshield just before he struck another vehicle from behind, police said…

Luciani told police he recently bought the car and wasn't familiar with all of its controls, including the defroster, police said. He reported his windshield became foggy and the sun was shining directly on it, according to police.

When the red traffic signal turned green, police said Luciani stepped on the gas thinking the driver in front of him had moved forward but had not...

more -

Crash shows danger of morning sun


MUNCIE — A doctor remains hospitalized after his Toyota Camry was rammed on the driver's side by a full-size Chevrolet pickup truck whose driver told police he was blinded by the sun…

According to the weather service, the rising sun this time of year aligns with many east-west roadways, creating a serious hazard during the first 15 to 45 minutes of sunrise…

To keep yourself safe, the weather service says you should use your visor, wear polarized sunglasses, clean your windshield inside and out because dirt and haze on the glass increase glare, turn your headlights on so oncoming motorists can see you as they drive into the sun, increase your following distance, and try to change your driving routes to north-south streets until you find an east-west road with lots of trees or taller buildings… 

Epidemic of these in NJ, why?  > 

School crossing guard hit by vehicle, sun glare may have played a role

WESTWOOD, New Jersey — Police say a school crossing guard was struck by a car while helping a woman cross a street in Westwood…

Regino says police are investigating whether sun glare played a role in the accident…

more -

Another left turn + sun glare crash, car vs. cyclist  >

Driver Who Injured Cyclist in Logan Square Blames Sun in His Eyes

Screen Shot 2015-10-14 at 6.48.54 PM

It’s every bike rider’s nightmare. You legally proceed through an intersection with the green light, only to have a careless driver run into you while making a left turn, a phenomenon known as the “left hook.”

That’s what happened to a female cyclist in Logan Square this morning. According to Officer Thomas Sweeney from Police News Affairs, the 45-year-old woman was riding northwest on Milwaukee Avenue at 8:50 a.m. When she reached Fullerton Avenue, she entered the intersection on a green. At that point, a 26-year-old man heading southeast in a Chevy Cavalier made a left turn from Milwaukee to head east on Fullerton, striking the cyclist…

According to a police source, the driver claimed he didn’t see the cyclist because he was blinded by the sun…

more -  @streetsblogchi

Good cycling tips  > 

Fall Bike Rides: Six Safety Tips for Pennsylvania Bicyclists


Bicycling is the perfect way to enjoy fall foliage, but cooler temperatures and shorter days can affect your ride. Here are six tips to help you stay safe while biking this fall.

  1. Check your lights.
  2. Don’t forget about glare.
  3. Check your tire pressure.
  4. Wipe and lubricate your chains.
  5. Prepare for the weather.
  6. Watch for leaves.

read full article - 

Bedford Woman Injured After Sun Glare Causes Accident

A Bedford woman was injured after she crashed her car into a utility pole Monday afternoon.

According to a Bedford Police report, 27-year-old Shantel Foster of Bedford was traveling south on Washington Avenue and approaching the intersection of 25th Street and Washington Avenue when the glare of the sun caused her to lose sight of the roadway and she drove her 2002 Kia Spectra off the roadway and struck a utility pole…

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Great driving tips  > 

Watch out for sun-glare when driving warns IAM | Stroud Life


The Institute of Advanced Motorist's head of driving standards Peter Rodger has come up with some tips to help drivers prevent the dangers and hazards caused by low sun and glare experienced at this time of year.

  • You will often see dirt and grime highlighted on your windscreen in low sun, so it's important that you clean your windows. Use a microfibre cloth to wipe down the inside and make sure your washer bottle is filled with a good quality screen washer liquid.
  • A sun visor will not necessarily stop low sun from beaming into your windscreen. Keep a pair of sunglasses in your glove box so you can get to them easily.
  • With the night's drawing in, ensure you switch on your headlights before sunset and keep them on for an hour after sunrise so there is no possibility of other road users not seeing you.
  • Always drive at a steady speed, and if low sun is obstructing what you see ahead slow down – this is particularly important at sharp bends where it's important to have a clear view of the approaching hazard.
  • When road surfaces are wet, the dazzle from the sun is increased by the reflection of the sun. Take care when driving on wet road surfaces and ease off the accelerator if necessary.
  • Look out for vulnerable road users including pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists, mobility scooter and electric wheelchair users – they are all difficult to spot in low sun conditions. Always take extra precautions at known hazard spots like schools, junctions and crossings.
  • If you're affected by low sun, the chances are other drivers are too. Pay attention to vehicles around you and anticipate any sudden manoeuvres. As a rule of thumb you should increase the stopping distance between you and the vehicle ahead of you.
  • Looking directly at low and sharp rays can affect your vision. If this happens to you, take a break from driving by stopping safely and legally.

Peter said: "The key aspect of driving in low sunlight is how it reduces your vision. If you cannot see, you cannot drive the same way. Don't continue at the same speed if you cannot see where you are going. It might sound obvious, but many drivers will battle on in near zero visibility despite being blinded by the sun. Trust your instincts – slow down and prepare to stop if this happens to you."…

more - via @stroudlife

A dangerous time for deer, drivers in NJ


Part of nature’s rhythms have these deer being most active during the early morning and in the evening, during dawn and dusk.”

“It is at the time of day, dusk and dawn, when sun glare can be really bad and low light conditions can persist and it can be really, really difficult.”

more - @nj1015

And low sun this time of year. "@TranBC: Why pedestrians and drivers need to be aware NOW more then ever”

Left turns one of most dangerous manoeuvres drivers make. Even worse with sun glare >

Sun glare factors into morning collision, Harley rider seriously injured | St George News

CEDAR CITY A rider out on his Harley Davidson in Cedar City Saturday morning was struck by a Western Rock Products truck when sun glare blinded the truck driver’s view while making a left turn…

The bright glare of the early morning sun rising up over the mountain was too much, Pollock said, and the driver of the truck didn’t even see the motorcycle until they collided…

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Lehigh University bus carrying rowing team involved in fatal crash with car on Route 22.

Car slammed into Lehigh University bus after being stopped by trooper

A bus driver and members of the Lehigh University rowing team injured in a crash on Route 22 in Bethlehem late Tuesday afternoon have all been released from the hospital.

Lehigh County Coroner Scott Grim identified Rodney Sigley Jr., a 28-year-old Bethlehem man, as the driver who died after his car struck the bus…

The accident happened about 15 minutes before sunset, with both drivers facing the low sun in a clear sky. It wasn't immediately clear whether sun glare played a role in the crash…

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NCDOT: Pay attention to what time change means for you

For many people, the time change means the commute home or the evening walk, run or bike ride will take place in the dusk or even darkness of night.

N.C. Transportation offers some very easy steps to take to improve safety in such conditions, like ensuring vehicle headlights are turned on and for walkers, runners and bike riders, carrying a light and wearing bright, preferably reflective clothing…

Other tips for motorists include:
* Protect your eyes from glare — allow them to adapt to darkness before driving, especially as you get older.
* Adjust the rearview mirror to the “night” setting to avoid headlight glare.
* Make sure headlights and the windshield (including the inside) are cleaned off and clear.
* Make sure headlights are properly aimed because if they’re pointed the wrong way, they can blind others on the road and reduce the ability to see where you’re going.
* If going east in the morning or west in the afternoon, allow extra travel time as you may be dealing with sun glare as it sets and rises.
* As dusk approaches, take off sunglasses.
* Slow down and leave more space between your vehicle and the one in front of you, especially on unlit or winding roads as the faster you go, the less reaction time you will have to avoid a collision with another vehicle, cyclist, pedestrian or animal.
* Be mindful that high beams can blind an approaching driver, cyclist or pedestrian, so quickly switch to low beams in that situation.
* If blinded by light from a vehicle coming from the opposite direction, look down and toward the right edge of the road.
* Pay extra attention to the possibility of pedestrians, cyclists and deer along the roadway.

Tips for pedestrians and cyclists include:
* Pedestrians should walk facing traffic so they see oncoming vehicles.
* Cyclists should travel in the same direction as other vehicles.
* In addition to wearing brightly-colored or even reflective or fluorescent clothing, put reflective strips on items you may be carrying.
* When crossing at a traffic signal, remember to look right and left and don’t depend just on the light or a crosswalk signal.
* Avoid jaywalking and crossing a road between parked vehicles.

more - via @Courier_Tribune @NCDOT

Note to drivers: After time change this weekend, driving conditions will change as sun rises/sets 1 hour earlier. @bobtraffic

> bob summers ‏@bobtraffic : @SunPosition after the time change we will be dealing with an earlier sunrise/sunset PLUS the sun is lower in the sky= much more glare.

> @bobtraffic Good point. In fact, the sun will continue to get lower in the sky until the winter solstice Dec 21.

> @bobtraffic to put this in perspective, the sun's height in Toronto around noon on Dec 21 is the same as at 8 am and 6:40 pm on Jun 21.

Transport Canada ‏@Transport_gc : As days get shorter and we Fall Back to Standard Time, remember to See And Be Seen on the road

Embedded image permalink

> @Transport_gc and be mindful that sun conditions will be completely different than what we're used to.

Cheers, Ralph

Sun/Shade & Urban Development – October 2015

The following relate to urban development and urban design in general, and to specific projects with sun/shade issues in particular. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Check out our weekly news summary “Sun, Shadow & Urban Development” at

What are your thoughts about shadowing from proposed buildings?

Take our survey -

Disagreement among experts  > 

Report suggests the 88-storey Iluka tower will leave darkness after the dawn |

Shadows across the beaches on the Gold Coast. Photo: Kit Wise

Sections of Surfers Paradise will remain in darkness after dawn because of shadowing from the planned Iluka supertower, says a technical report.

The proposed 88-storey tower will cast a shadow not just on the beach but across the other accommodation buildings just south of the site along The Esplanade.

A peer review by the sustainable design and development group Greensphere Consulting on behalf of residents challenges the work conducted by specialists working for the Iluka developers…

more -

Four 120-metre-plus towers may rise in Toronto's Entertainment District | via @buzzbuzzhome


A trio of proposed high-rise developments, including four towers, could significantly alter the skyline of Toronto’s Entertainment District…

For two of the projects, proposals from Graywood Developments and Carlyle Communities, applications have not been put through to the City. A third, from Humbold Properties Limited, is currently in the rezoning process.

Graywood’s pre-application proposal is for a mostly residential development with commercial tenants at street level at 102-118 Peter Street and 350-354 Adelaide Street West. It encompasses two towers for a combined total of about 900 units. The taller tower would be roughly 50 storeys tall, or about 150 metres — just seven metres shy of the nearby TIFF building — while the shorter tower would be 39 storeys, or a height of about 120 metres…


The Carlyle Communities’ vision for 122-128 Peter Street and 357 Richmond Street West is a two-tone, 46-storey, 138-metre-tall tower...

more -

Sounds minimal IMHO  > 

Proposed Sixth Street Development Prompts Hearing On Shadow's Impact On SoMa Parks | @HoodlineSF

363 6th street

The Rec & Parks Commission is joining the Planning Commission at a special joint hearing Thursday to consider whether a proposed development at Sixth and Clara streets will have an adverse effect on Central SoMa's green spaces…

According to the Planning Department's assessment, the plans adhere to the guidelines set by the Eastern Neighborhoods Area Plan (which was approved by the Mayor and Board of Supervisors in December 2008) and will not result in significant environmental impacts beyond those already identified in the area plan's environmental review. Therefore, the project is not required to compile a project-specific environmental review.

However, given that the development is over 40 feet tall and could have the potential to cast new shadows on Gene Friend Recreation Center and Victoria Manalo Draves Park, the city was required to conduct a shadow analysis under Proposition K Sunlight Ordinance — which was approved by city voters in 1985 to protect public open spaces under Rec & Parks jurisdiction from negative impacts of development.

According to the shadow analysis conducted by CADP on behalf of the departments, the development would not cast any new shadows on Victoria Manalo Draves Park. Shadows resulting from the complex in the morning and evening would fall on areas already shadowed by surrounding buildings.

The analysis does find that the proposed Saturn Apartments would increase shadows on Gene Friend Recreation Center — which may receive a complete redesign in coming years — by .028 percent a year, but CADP predicts that the new shadow would subside before the park opens at 9am.

"The longest duration of new shadow would be approximately 22 minutes and the average shadow would be cast for less than 12 minutes," the report states. "All new shadow cast occurs before the park opens and is mostly projected on walkways, a small portion of the green field adjacent to the corner of Sixth Street and Folsom Street."…

more -

See below for more on this story

Shadows over the CBD: have Melbourne's skyscrapers reached a tipping point? | The Age

"People will wake up in four, five or six years and say, 'Wow! What happened?"

In early 2013, Michael Buxton was pondering what central Melbourne was becoming. On every available site, yet another skyscraper was being either built or planned or spruiked. There was a deep, unsettling sense we were witnessing a city being transformed.

Buxton, a planning expert from RMIT, had not long before given the then planning minister Matthew Guy the moniker Mr Skyscraper. Catchy and contentious, the characterisation stuck, neatly capturing the minister's enthusiasm for buildings tall.

Is it too late for Melbourne? Has too much damage already been done?

read on -

Sixth & Clara Development Wins Planning Commission Approval, Shadows And All | via @HoodlineSF

The days are numbered for the 95-year-old industrial building at 363 Sixth St., as the Planning Commission has approved plans to construct a mixed-use apartment complex on the site.

Given that the 85-foot-tall building would cast a shadow on the nearby Gene Friend Recreation Center, the Planning and Rec and Parks commissions were first required to hold a special joint hearing to determine whether raising the park's shadow limit by .02 percent to allow the development to proceed would have an adverse affect on the center and its green space. While the two commissions voted 10 to 1 in favor of raising the shadow limit, the matter wasn't taken lightly.

The first major concern for the commissions was the number of developments that could also add shadows to Gene Friend and Victoria Manalo Draves Park in the near future. While presenting the prepared shadow analysis for 363 6th St., Planning Department staff noted that development plans are being drafted for at least four sites surrounding the two recreation spaces. Based on early-stage plans, three of those projects could add new shadows to at least one of the parks.

Another key issue: the idea of trading sunlight for other community benefits. While community members and commissioners widely applauded the project's developer, Realtex, for providing a laundry list of long-term benefits—including $185,000 in contributions to a variety of neighborhood recreation and youth programs, to be disbursed over the next five years—Rec and Parks Commissioner Eric McDonnell for urged his peers to strictly focus on the issue of the shadows.

“It feels like a slippery slope when we begin to add to the consideration how good the company is,” he said.

source -

Part 3: The Architecture of Change | Opencity Projects

2015-10-25 17.03.48

At first glance, the proposed changes to the built environment in Mirvish Village are dizzying...

The proposed height of the tallest tower at Bloor and Bathurst is 29 storeys...

In planning land, it is conventional wisdom that pedestrians only engage with the first eight storeys of a building; whether 15 or 29 storeys, there is negligible impact on the pedestrian. But perhaps the main source of concern is the shadow impact on the adjacent neighbourhoods and businesses. To mitigate these effects, a typology common to Vancouver has been proposed: the micro tower. Micro towers are narrower than typical buildings erected in Toronto, having a smaller floor plate, thus casting narrower shadows…

more -

Marymount School Unveils Rendering of 229-Foot Tower Planned for UES via @Dnainfo

 Marymount School unveiled a rendering of what its new building would look like.

The Marymount School for girls unveiled plans this week to construct a new state-of-the-art sustainable school building that will allow the school to consolidate its programs into one facility.

The 229-foot-tall building planned for 115 E. 97th St. will feature green terraces, gardens and possibly a solar panel system...

…the school will complete an environmental impact assessment before plans move forward, and that the school will follow the city regulations and have an open-door policy for those concerned about the work.

Jules Feinman, a resident and member of 97-98 Lexington & Park Ave. Neighbors, said he liked the project but was worried about the shadow the building would cast on the neighborhood. Currently, the lot is empty and is being used by the school as a tennis court.

"It is a really big building," Feinman said. "That air space is kind of everybody's solace and respite and the light is already blocked from 10:30 to 11:30 a.m. This is pretty much going to kill all morning light. I'm supportive but this is something you need to consider. We’re giving up a lot."…

read more -

Cheers, Ralph

Miscellaneous “Sun & Shadow” Items – October 2015

The following are miscellaneous sun, shade, solar and solar energy facts and comments. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Our monthly sunrise/sunset tables have been updated

Halloween 2015 sunset times -

Trudeau: "Sunny ways my friends. Sunny ways." Could be a cool vision statement for my firm.

Lockheed Martin Parking Catches Sun Power | Lockheed Martin

Lockheed Martin Parking Catches Sun Power

On October 20, 2015, Lockheed Martin joined Florida Governor Rick Scott, Duke Energy President of Florida Utility Operations Alex Glenn and other local officials to celebrate the powering up of its 151,400 square foot solar array covering the parking lot at its facility near Clearwater, Florida. The project represents Florida’s largest, private solar array.

more -

Watch the sun set in line with Toronto east-west streets on Monday Oct 26 6:17 pm.

Special 'Torontohenge' sunset to wow commuters - Toronto - CBC News

Toronto Torontohenge Oct. 26 King St. W.

A specially timed sunset gave some Toronto commuters a nice sight on their way home Monday (Oct 26/15) - the sun set in line with the city grid: a phenomenon known as "Torontohenge."

The sun set at 6:17 p.m., and the clear conditions made it a nice night to watch the sun drop in line with Toronto's major east-west streets like King, Queen and Bloor.

While a delight for photographers, the setting sun can make driving difficult.

The sun has been setting in similar positions all week. But Ralph Bouwmeester, who specializes in tracking the sun and shadows, tweeted that Monday would be the optimal day for seeing "Torontohenge".

The "henge" part of the name is a reference to England's famous Stonehenge, which was built so the rising sun aligns in a specific way during the summer solstice.

Manhattanhenge, in New York, always generates thousands of photos.

source -

Thank you @Spacing for the Torontohenge shout-out!

TORONTO-HENGE IS TONIGHT (Oct 26/15)! Thanks to Ralph from @SunPosition on Twitter, we know that tonight at 6:17pm the sunset will line up perfectly with Toronto's east-west streets.

source -

Darkest morning of the year in Toronto on Oct 31/15. Sunrise at 7:52 am. Nice to go back to Standard Time - at least for the mornings.

Cheers, Ralph

Monday, October 26, 2015

Special 'Torontohenge' sunset to wow commuters | CBC News

Sun will set perfectly in line with the city grid at 6:17 p.m. on Monday

Pedestrians pose for a photo during Manhattan-henge. (Michael Loccisano/Getty)
New Yorkers snap a selfie during a recent Manhattan-henge. Tonight, the sun will set in line with Toronto's city grid. (Michael Loccisano/Getty)

You could be in for a spectacular sight on your way home tonight as the sun sets perfectly in line with the city's east-west street grid: a phenomenon known as "Torontohenge."

The sun will set at 6:17 p.m., and the current clear conditions suggest it'll be a nice night to watch it drop in line with Toronto's major east-west streets like King, Queen and Bloor.

It might be a delight for photographers, but the setting sun can make driving difficult.

The sun has been setting in similar positions all week. But Ralph Bouwmeester, who specializes in tracking the sun and shadows, tweeted that today will be the optimal day for seeing "Torontohenge".

The "henge" part of the name is a reference to England's famous Stonehenge, which was built so the rising sun aligns in a specific way during the summer solstice.

Manhattanhenge, in New York, always generates thousands of photos.

Send us your pictures using the #torontohenge hashtag, or by tagging @cbctoronto in your post. 


Cheers, Ralph

Saturday, October 24, 2015

Torontohenge October 2015

Watch as the sun sets along Toronto's east/west streets on Monday Oct 26/15 at 6:17 pm.

Cheers, Ralph